PFI Banned Operation Octopus:Under Operation Octopus, the NIA and other investigation agencies raid PFI members for allegedly aiding terror operations in the nation. Delhi, Karnataka, Assam, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Telangana, and Gujarat were all the sites of raids on Tuesday.The Full Form PFI is Popular Front of IndiaOn Wednesday, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) designated the Popular Front of India (PFI) and its front organisations as “unlawful associations” under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. This included the PFI’s student arm, the Campus Front of India (CFI) (UAPA).
The MHA has issued a second directive authorising states to report illegal activities at locations linked to PFI and its front organisations.The order states that the District Magistrate must compile a list of the organization’s immovable properties and issue a prohibition against anyone who was not a resident of the notified place as of the date of the notification from entering or being on or in the notified place without the District Magistrate’s permission.
What is PFI in India?
The PFI was established in 2006 and saw itself as “a non-governmental social organisation whose stated objective is to work for the poor and disadvantaged people in the country and to oppose oppression and exploitation” The PFI arose from the merger of the National Development Front (NDF), a controversial organisation founded in Kerala in the years after the 1992 demolition of the Babri mosque. In the following years, it expanded its reach as other Indian organisations joined it.
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When a college lecturer in Kerala was brutally attacked in 2010, the PFI first came to public attention. Some Muslim groups had claimed that he had asked insulting questions about the Prophet Muhammad on a test, which led to the attack. Some of its members were convicted for the attack by a court, but at the time, the PFI publicly distanced itself from the defendants to protect its image.
The PFI, which is particularly powerful in the states of Kerala and Karnataka, claims to have “hundreds of thousands” of cadre members and is now active in more than 20 Indian states. A Hindu man was recently beheaded in the western state of Rajasthan, and members of the organisation have been linked to the crime.
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PFI banned under UAPA
By definition, Section 10 of the UAPA makes it illegal to be a part of a terrorist organisation. It states that the minimum penalty for membership in a terrorist organisation is two years in jail. This punishment might increase to life in prison or possibly the death penalty under specific conditions.
“is and continues to be a member of such association; or takes part in meetings of such association; or contributes to, or receives or solicits any contribution for the purpose of, such association; or in any way assists the operations of such association, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, and shall also be liable to fine,” as stated in Section 10, is also subject to a fine and possible jail time of up to two years.
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Why PFI Banned in India?
On September 22, the PFI was the target of searches and arrests by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) and the Enforcement Directorate (ED) in 15 states. Eight states were targeted in the second wave of raids on Tuesday.
An explosives manual and surveillance gear were the items seized during the raids. Several of them are listed below.
Connections with banned and terrorists organizations
It has been claimed that the PFI connects to terrorist organisations like the Islamic State and the Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI).
Bomb-making manuals recovered
The instruction handbook for creating IEDs was among the most damning items uncovered in the raids. The booklet, entitled “A brief course on “How to build 1ED using commonly accessible material,” argued that teaching Muslim youth how to make bombs would “empower” them.
- To empower and strengthen the “oppressed” Muslim youth
- To destabilise the well-developed infrastructure of the pagans (non-Muslim)
- To attract the attention of the masses in a single blow
- To create terror in the heart of the infidels
- To regain the lost dominance of the Muslims in the Indian subcontinent
The document further detailed the material to be used in the bomb, how to make it at home and how to maximise the effect of the bomb.
Recovered high-tech equipment for communication
During the raids in Valinokkam in the Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu, wireless communication gadgets were seized from the home of Barakabdullah, president of the Ramnad West District and state president of the Fisherman Wing of the Social Democratic Party of India (SDPI).
Lowrance LHR-80 Floating Handheld VHF (GPS) units were found. Instruments like this are crucial for navigating the ocean. According to sources, PFI may have been utilising these gadgets for money laundering and acts of piracy at sea.
Gazwa-e-Hind and other material recovered
Agency personnel also retrieved booklets and CDs relating to Vision 2047, a document with information for transforming India into an Islamic state by 2047. The paper was discovered at the home of PFI Maharashtra’s state president, where it had been stored with physical education resources.
Agencies found a large sum of untraceable cash from the homes of PFI leaders in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
In addition, the leadership of the UP PFI had the paperwork on “a short course on how to make IEDs etc. using easily available materials”, and flash drives with movies relating to ISIS, Gajwa-e-Hind, etc. retrieved from them.
List of prominent PFI leaders linked to criminal activities
Numerous top PFI officials have been implicated in illegal and terrorist acts. OMA Salam, chairman of PFI, was removed from his position at the Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB). His overseas trip without proper authorization and his appointment as PFI Chairman while still employed by the government are both subjects of an ongoing inquiry.
During raids, investigators seized a journal written by M. Mohammed Ismail, a close friend of Salam’s. The journal exposed the group’s malicious plot to instigate civil strife inside the country.
According to reports, PFI National Secretary Nazarudheen Ealamaram has filed ten lawsuits against him under various laws.
P. Koya, a PFI’s National Executive Council member, was a dedicated SIMI leader and Ansar in 1978 and 1979. He was responsible for splintering the Mali group in Rajasthan from the Gujjar community.
In 1984, EM Abdul Rahiman served as All India General Secretary of SIMI and was connected to the pro-SIMI Karuna Foundation. IHH, a Turkish charity with ties to Al Qaeda, welcomed Rahiman and Koya privately.
PFI General Secretary Anis Ahmed has publicly lauded and backed Hamas, a global terrorist organisation.